Agar micro-spheres produced by transacylation allow the encapsulation of fragile retinol. This technology ensures that the micro-spheres reach the epidermis, where they are progressively opened by the activity of many different skin enzymes and gradually release retinol. This slow membrane digestion leads to a slow release of encapsulated retinol for better bioavailability, efficacy, and less irritation. The retinol thus contacts the skin and diffuses throughout the day. The modified release kinetics assured by encapsulation make them bio-compatible and hypo-allergen.
Ethyl ascorbic acid is ascorbic acid (scientific name of vitamin C) with an additional ethyl group. This group makes ascorbic acid soluble and stable in both oil and water. It is a derivative of vitamin C that brightens and evens out your skin tone. It works by inhibiting the production of melanin, which can help to reduce the appearance of dark spots and hyperpigmentatio. Additionally, ethyl ascorbic acid has antioxidant properties that protect your skin from free radical damage and can prevent premature aging.
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